All fabric is
hand-woven on a traditional treadle loom that was introduced by
the Spainards during colonial times. It is a
non-mechanized loom that uses no electricity. The weaver
opens the warp by stepping on pedals and passes the weft from
side to side with a wooden shuttle. The fabric is woven
either in the homes of the weavers or in community workshops.
The fabrics woven on a treadle loom
often employ ikat or jaspe designs. This is a common
design element in Guatemalan textiles that involves the binding
and dyeing of warp yarns (and/or the weft) prior to weaving.
Examples of ikat or
jaspe designs (see corte fabrics for
more examples) below